Southern Police Institute Alumni Association


Stratified Policing. This policing approach for crime reduction and community engagement provides a stratified structure that standardizes crime analysis, the problem-solving process, and accountability within a law enforcement agency while providing the flexibility to implement different evidence-based practices as they are deemed relevant for the nature of crime and environment of the jurisdiction (Santos and Santos, 2015).

  • Download PDF: Santos and Santos 2015 Translational Criminology Stratified Policing 

Agenda subject to change in emergency situations




65th SPIAA Training Conference Agenda

Sandestin Beach and Golf Resort

9300 Emerald Coast Pkwy W
Miramar Beach, FL 32550

Miramar, FL

July 5-8 2016


Stratified Policing: Training Program 


Tuesday, July 5, 2016


3:30 – 5:00 pm                       Research Updates: Salient Research for American Policing


Dr. Thomas Hughes

University of Louisville


Abstract: Policing in the United States has experienced a turbulent year. Some jurisdictions have struggled with rises in violent crime and concerns regarding organizational legitimacy.  Researchers have focused on a number these issues as well as others over the last year.  This presentation will focus on some of the more significant research projects published in that period.  Areas discussed will include recent Body Camera findings related to officer’s assaulted, our understanding of the “Ferguson Effect,” Police Legitimacy, and recent developments in hot spot policing in the United Kingdom.   



Wednesday, July 6, 2016


10:00-11:50 am                      Introduction to Stratified Policing


Dr. Rachel Santos and Dr. Roberto Santos

Radford University


Abstract: We know from rigorous police research “what works” in reducing crime and disorder, but there is less research and guidance on “how to make it work” in the real world of policing. Stratified Policing is a way for police organizations to realistically implement evidence-based crime reduction strategies.  It standardizes crime analysis products, the problem-solving process, and an accountability structure within a police department.  This first session provides the foundation for Stratified Policing by reviewing evidence-based crime reduction strategies, the philosophy behind Stratified Policing, and the role of leadership and organizational change.  


12:00-12.50 pm                      Lunch and Learn: "Pre-arrest diversion is a fundamental reform...not just another diversion program.

Mr. Greg Frost, President
Civil Citation Network

Abstract:  The front door to the criminal justice system is the most dangerous door anyone can pass through.  Once you have an arrest record, and about 30% of all Americans have an arrest record, it follows you for a lifetime.  Three years ago a first-in-the-nation program quietly started in Tallahassee Florida.  The results of the program show the potential to change the frontend of the traditional criminal justice system.  This presentation will discuss the Tallahassee/Leon County Prearrest Diversion (PAD) program and the possibilities the model presents for reforming the front-end of the criminal justice system.  The Civil Citation Network® is a non-profit organization created and supported through a private foundation.  Our mission is to advocate the use of adult and juvenile pre-arrest diversion with integrated intervention services.  Communities across the country have access to the Network's research and evaluation services, data resources, integrated technology platform, and technical assistance related to implementation of pre-arrest diversion programs.



1:00-3:10 pm                           Elements of Stratified Policing


Drs. Roberto and Rachel Santos

                                                Radford University


Abstract:  This session is a continuation of the Stratified Policing introduction session and provides specific guidance for implementing Stratified Policing at all ranks and divisions with the agency. The presenters will offer specific examples of action-oriented crime analysis products that support activities at the operational, management, and command level, direction for selecting appropriate crime reduction strategies for your community’s crime and disorder problems, and instruction for tailoring the stratified structure of accountability to the organizational structure of your agency.   In addition, community engagement strategies and responsibilities will be discussed for each “strata,” along with ways in which your agency can enhance communication, transparency, and organizational change to ensure your agency’s crime reduction efforts are consistent, effective, and sustainable. Whether you implement all or parts of Stratified Policing, you will walk away from this session with specific direction for immediate implementation of evidence-based crime reduction practices.


3:20-3:50 pm                          Using an Agency Management System for Stratified Policing


Brian McGrew  



Abstract: With today’s demands on policing, agencies can no longer focus on calls for service alone.  Command staffs are focusing more and more on ways to get better results from their officers during uncommitted time, to increase managerial efficiencies in police administration, and to build more trust with the communities they serve.  An Agency Management System is the third leg of the Police Software “3-Legged Stool” and operationalizes the key concepts—communication and accountability—within Stratified Policing in a CJIS compliant environment. This presentation will provide practical examples of how officers can to track their crime reduction work during uncommitted time and commanders can create reports tracking crime reduction efforts for agency accountability.



Thursday, July 7, 2016


8:00-8:30 pm                          Summary of Core Principles-Preview of Day’s Topics


Drs. Roberto and Rachel Santos

Radford University


8:45-10:00 am                        Walton County (FL) Sheriff’s Office: Implementing Stratified Policing and Changing the Organization


Sheriff Michael Adkinson and Captain Donnie Clark

Walton County (FL) Sheriff’s Office


Abstract: Walton County is located in the Florida Panhandle between Okaloosa and Bay County and covers approximately 1,238 square miles. The county is densely populated in the south end running along 28 miles of beautiful Gulf of Mexico beaches and has very rural in the northern section that borders the State of Alabama. The county’s economy is driven by approximately 3.5 million tourists each year. Annual bed tax collection is in excess of 20 million dollars (5th highest in Florida). The economic diversity between the rural, northern area of the county and the southern, affluent beach communities produces a unique environment for policing and the implementation of evidence-based crime reduction strategies. After much research, the Walton County Sheriff’s Office adopted Stratified Policing which encompassed the necessary qualities of crime reduction, communication, and transparency. This presentation will discuss how the structure within Stratified Policing was applied across the entire county allowing appropriate analysis, response, and accountability per region.  After the first year of Stratified Policing implementation, results showed a drastic reduction in targeted crimes as compared to the previous year as well as improvement of deputies' perceptions of their effectiveness, communication, and transparency within the organization. The institutionalization of crime reduction has been shared throughout the entire agency and each rank, division, and unit plays their part in reducing crime in Walton County.  Finally, we will discuss how moving forward the agency is establishing a sustainable culture that is not reliant on individual personalities in order to ensure long-term success.



10:15 – 11:30 am                   Port St. Lucie (FL) Police Department: Institutionalization of Stratified Policing and Crime Reduction


Chief John Bolduc and Assistant Chief Rich DelToro

Port St. Lucie (FL) Police Department)


Abstract: The City of Port St. Lucie is Florida's ninth largest city with a population of 175,000 residents, is around 120 square miles, and is the spring training and minor league home of the New York Mets. In 2015, the police department answered 90,000 calls for police service, maintains the lowest crime rate in Florida for cities with a population over 100,000 residents, and employs 229 sworn  and 66 civilians. Since 2004, Stratified Policing has been  implemented and institutionalized into our daily operations. Institutionalization occurred over three different phases and several challenges were identified and overcome during that time. In this presentation, the Chief and Assistant Chief will discuss the agency’s successful crime reduction results and lessons learned that will provide police leaders with a blueprint for implementing and sustaining action-oriented crime analysis, evidence-based policing strategies, and department wide accountability for crime reduction.



12:00-1:00 pm                        Lunch and Learn Effective Coalition Building and Smart Justice

Barney Bishop

President & CEO, Florida Smart Justice Alliance

Abstract:  Florida Smart Justice Alliance is a non-profit business league founded in 2012.  The organization's purpose is to advocate before the executive and legislative branches of Florida government to promote criminal justice reform with a focus on prioritizing public safety while seeking creative solutions.  FSJA is an alliance of the Florida Association of Managing Entities, Florida Coalition for Children, Florida Community Corrections Association, Florida Council on Community Mental Health, and the Florida Sheriffs Association.  FSJA works closely with the Sheriffs, Florida Prosecuting Attorneys Association, Florida Police Chiefs Association, Florida Departments of Children & Families, Corrections, Juvenile Justices, and other stakeholders to support legislation that makes sense for taxpayers while keeping public safety as Job #1.  This presentation will discuss successful approaches to building consensus and collaboration with diverse groups and stakeholders for influencing public policy within the criminal justice system  



1:00-1:50 pm                          Delaware State Police: Adopting Stratified Policing


Col. Nathaniel McQueen, Jr. and Lt. William D. Crotty

Delaware State Police


Abstract:  Since 1923, the Delaware State Police (DSP) has been the lead agency for law enforcement services in the State of Delaware and currently has a complement of 710 Troopers housed in 28 Operational Sections, 8 uniformed patrol troops and 3 criminal investigative sections. Historically, DSP, like most police agencies, was a COMPSTAT modeled agency focusing measuring crime and traffic statistics on a regular basis. However, in 2013 under the leadership of Colonel McQueen, DSP took a critical evaluation of its crime reduction and traffic safety methodologies to determine if DSP could be more effective and efficient.  It was this evaluation that lead Colonel McQueen to Stratified Policing.  During the examination of Stratified Policing, DSP found the organizational structure to be very appealing due to its focus on proactive problem solving, crime analysis, organizational accountability, and structured evaluations of the effectiveness of policing strategies. This presentation will discuss the process by which DSP decided to adopt Stratified Policing and its the implementation throughout the organization. In addition, it will include the successes and challenges faced in the areas of technology and crime analysis, as well as DSP's initial crime reduction results.


2:00-2:50 pm                          Stratifying Technology and Community Engagement


Captain S. Fitzgerald Barnes and Eleazer D. Hunt, Ph.D.

Greensboro (NC) Police Department


Abstract: As part of Stratified Policing, data, technology, and the analysis process must be integrated into a police agency's operations and its organizational structure. Software technology is used to provide information, data, and analysis in support of crime analysis and related communication within an agency.  Assisted by a COPS office micro grant, the Greensboro Police Department (GPD) has begun the process of integrating Stratified Policing. This presentation discusses the wide range of technology, software and analysis processes implemented by GPD in support of Stratified Policing. The technology includes software used by crime analysis, all departmental personnel, and the public. The technology facilitates the exchange of information related to short-term problem solving, officer activities, and officer accountability. Short-term problem solving is supported by crime pattern bulletins and defined “missions” which enable officers to notate their efforts in a communal log. Other technology supports workload and call analysis, evaluating geographic allocation of officers, officer activity, and community engagement. This presentation provides an overview the technology implemented, lessons learned, and a set of guidelines and steps that other agencies can utilize when considering technology when implementing Stratified Policing.



3:00-3:50 pm                          Panel discussion: Leading Stratified Policing


Sheriff Michael Adkinson, Walton County (FL) Sheriff’s Office

Chief John Bolduc, Port St. Lucie (FL) Police Department

Col. Nathaniel McQueen, Delaware State Police


Captain S. Fitzgerald Barnes, Greensboro (NC) Police Department


Facilitated by Drs. Roberto & Rachel Santos

Radford University


Abstract: This session will be a panel discussion with the agency leaders from Walton County Sheriff’s Office, Port St. Lucie, FL Police Department, the Delaware State Police, and Greensboro, NC Police Department. Drs. Santos will facilitate a conversation in which the panel members discuss the role of leadership in implementing and sustaining Stratified Policing in their own agencies and answer questions from the audience.




Friday, July 8, 2016


8:00-9:50 am                          Summary and Q & A


10:00-11:30 am                      “Legal Updates”


Professor Terry D. Edwards, J.D.

Skagit Community College


Abstract: This training presentation will entail an overview of recent court decisions relating to law enforcement operations and administration to include a discussion of contemporary legal issues encountered by police officers, agencies and CEOs.

11:30-12:00 pm                      Candidate Forum (hear from the candidates)


12:00-1:15 pm                        Lunch (on your own)


1:15-2:30 pm                          Business Meeting and Election


6:00-8:00 pm                          Awards Banquet and Installation of Officers



We have completed our conference preparations with the exception of Dr. Hughes Presentation location on Tuesday afternoon.  The location for this presentation will be shared at conference registration.

Resort Check-in:  Grand Sandestin
When you arrive at the resort front gate, let the staff know you are here for the SPI Conference and check in is at the Grand Sandestin.  Please follow the resort signs

SPIAA Conference Attendee Check-in: Baytown Conference Center
On Tuesday afternoon, July 5th, from 1-3p and Wednesday morning, July 6th from 7:30-830 am
Conference attendees will be able to check-in for the conference within the Baytowne Conference center on the 2nd Floor outside the Camellia Conference room.  Banquet Tickets will be available for purchase for spouse, family and guests at check-in 

The conference center is a short walk from the our accommodations.  Please ask the resort staff for a map and directions.

Wednesday-Friday 7:30-8:00am refreshments available for conference session attendees

Wednesday July 6

Opening Ceremony 8:30-10:00a

Conference Sessions  10a-4p (lunch provided)

Thursday July 7
Conference Sessions 8a-4p (lunch provided)

Friday July 8

Conference Session/Business Meeting 8a-11:30a
 11:30-1:00p  lunch on you own

 1:00p-3:00p Elections/Conference conclusion

6:00-8:00pm Annual Awards Banquet located at Linkside Conference Center: Bayview Room
Directions to event will be provided


Networking/Hospitality Sponsored by ETGI will be hosted each night, the hours and location TBA
Consult with Baytown Warf website and resort staff for daily activities. SPI members have enhanced access to bikes, kayaks and tennis each day. 

Look forward to seeing all of you.  Please email me with any questions. I can be reached via cell in Sandestin beginning on the afternoon of July 4th @ 850-251-3407  

Chris Summers